Creative professional Manuel Delaflor offers his tips on creating perfect photos.
In general, the way to obtain the photo that YOU want to create is by changing the camera settings, which are there for one purpose alone: To allow us to get the proper exposure of whatever we are interested in. I will tackle the 4 most important settings.
1. The Frame
Remember, everything in the frame is YOUR responsibility.
1) ISO: It allows us to select how sensitive to the light our sensor is. The more sensitive (the larger the number) the least light you need to properly expose your subject, but, as a side effect, the more “noise ” (electronic interference) you will get from the inherent flaws of the circuit amplifier inside your camera.
2) Aperture: The aperture will control two things 1) the amount of light that reaches the sensor and 2) the depth of field that the camera will capture. In plain English this means that you will get more or less things out of focus. Larger apertures mean that there will be less things in focus. Like in those nice portraits where the backround is blurred. The opposite extreme its landscape photography when we want everything to be sharp, this is done by closing the aperture.
3) Shutter Speed: It controls the amount of time the sensor is receiving light. If we are shooting in plain daylight, we want the shutter speed to be very fast, because the amount of light is enormous. In contrast, inside our home we would have to use a slower speed to allow enough light to reach the sensor. Problem is, the slower the setting the more prone to blur. We can also use this setting to control the appearance of moving subjects, for example, to create the sensation of speed, or on the contrary, to “freeze” the action of something going fast.
4) Manual Mode: If we control the Aperture, the camera will decide how fast it needs to trigger the Shutter Speed and the ISO setting. The same happens when we select the Shutter Speed, the camera will take control of the other two as it needs to get the right exposure. When we go to Manual, the camera will stop calculating the parameters and will give us full creative control on the amount of light it is receiving. Of course, this is exciting, but at the same time it could mean photos too dark or too bright to be usable. This is why it is recommended that we use it when we have more experience.
Words: Manuel Delaflor
Pictures: Manuel Delaflor